- Tmt India
There is a severe shortage of serious research astronomers in the country. However, there are also a limited number of institutions which actually do research in astronomy. All I can say is that you should try to get your degree under a well recognized astronomer and you will have a reasonable chance of success. Top
You have to get a B.Sc. or B.Eng. in Physics or Engineering subjects and apply for a Master's degree programme in one of the Indian Institutions. Top
There is no university in India which offers an undergraduateprogramme in Astronomy. At the Master's and Ph.D levels, there are several options. Some further information is given on the Graduate Studies page of this website. Also, you should contact the Board of Graduate Studies at IIA firstname.lastname@example.org. Top
I think that the answer to this depends on your own interests. If you want to do instrumentation/ experimental astronomy, you may go in for the engineering option. On the other hand, if you want to do
theoretical astronomy or observations, you may go through the science stream.As far as the future career options, especially if you later decide you do not want to do science, the engineering option might be preferable. Top
If you want to end with the B.E., there are many jobs open for technicians at various places in the country, including ISRO. If you wantto continue on to do research, it is mandatory that you get a Ph.D. At mostinstitutions, you can join the Ph.D. programme with a B.E. Top
In India, there are several astronomical institutions including IIA where astronomers are employed. Other opportunities are in thebig government institutions such as ISRO and DRDO. Top
There are several institutes in India which offer you to pursue a career in astronomy. Below is the list of institutes. You may visit these websites for more information.
Indian Institute of Astrophysics, (Bangalore)
Indian Institute of Science, (Bangalore)
Raman Research Institute, (Bangalore)
Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, (Pune)
National Centre for Radio Astronomy
Most of these institutes offer opportunities to the aspiring candidates based on a joint entrance test followed by an interview.The minimum qualification required for appearing for the entrance exam is a
Master's degree in Physics. Some of these institutes accomodate engineering graduates as well. Top
One of the most commonly used is the number of technological advances which have come through ,largely, NASA missions. These include miniaturization, new plastics and so on. This is a dangerous statement because it is probably also true that the advances would have occurred anyway. My own personal belief is that astronomy and science in general, is one of the facets of human existence, just as art and music. The amount we spend on space research is whatever society feels is an appropriate amount. We have been fortunate in astronomy that we have a fascinating field with stunning pictures.
A number of IIA staff give public lectures at different schools and colleges and volunteer at the Planetarium. IIA staff have also served as mentors and judges in local science competitions such as "Red Rover Goes to Mars". We are always ready to do more and welcome suggestions and
enquiries. Please do not hesitate to contact any member of IIA or to send requests to the email@example.com. Top
You can get information about the Amateur Astronomer's Club at Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium. The contact numbers are :91 (80) 226 6084, 220 3224. For more information, please visit Association for Bangalore Amateur Astronomers. Top
Traditionally astronomy has been more observational in scope while astrophysics is more analytical. Thus astronomers look through telescope while astrophysicists model data. The distinctions are much more blurred now and most astronomers/astrophysicists do both. Top
IISc. does not offer M.Sc. programmes as such. But, with a B.Sc. degree, you may apply for Integrated Ph.D. programme. In this programme, a student undergoes a two-year M.S. course, which comprises of both optional and compulsory subjects. The Department of Physics at IISc. is mainly oriented towards "condensed matter theory and experimental" work. You may obtain M.S. degree after successfully completing the course and continue on to do Ph.D. programme in one of the subject areas that is pursued in the department (Please check http://physics.iisc.ernet.in/ for more details on research areas). At present, no faculty member works in the field of cosmology in the physics department. If you are determined to do Ph.D. in the field of cosmology, you may probably leave IISc. after M.S. and apply to places like TIFR (Mumbai)(http://www.tifr.res.in), IUCAA (Pune) (http://www.iucaa.ernet.in), where much work is going on in this field. You may also apply to foreign universities for Ph.D. programme .Top
In principle, yes, it is possible to make a career in astronomy. To enter into astronomy you have to be good at general physics. You may enter our institute through JEST Examination which is held once in a year. The JEST examination consists of multiple choice questions, from the area of general physics. Please refer to the newspapers and also to our website for further information about JEST examination. Please refer to Graduate Studies for more information regarding doctoral and short term programmes in IIA.
To make a career in astronomy with a metallurgy background depends on what aspect of astronomy you are interested to work in. Please refer to Research areas for the current areas of research in IIA. Top
Yes, graduates who have done B.E. (any field) may join IIA for a doctoral programme. The entry is through JEST examination which is held once in a year. The examination comprises of multiple choice questions, from the field of general physics. So, the candidates must have a strong background in the fundamentals of physics. The entrance exam is followed by an interview. Top
If you want to pursue a research career in abroad, you will need to appear for GRE, TOEFL & Advanced GRE examinations. On the other hand, if you are planning to pursue a research career in India, you may join IIA, IISC, IUCAA (Pune), for which you will have to appear for Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST), conducted annually. For more information about JEST exam & Graduate Studies at IIA, please visit Graduate Studies at IIA. Top
Astrophysics involves the study of stellar objects. Stellar objects emanate radiation in all bands of the electromagentic spectrum. The study of the optical band is called Optical Astronomy, the study of the radio band is called Radio Astronomy and so on. The study of stellar objects thus require instruments. Building of such instruments require an Engineering background. For instance, in Optical Astrophysics, the light coming from stellar objects can be studied in various ways. One can use a spectrograph to study the spectral lines in the incoming light which will give information about the material that makes up the stellar object and also about material in the space in between us and the stellar object.This is done by studying the emission and absorption lines in the stellar spectrum. It was the use of a spectrograph for the first time that brought the change from Astronomy to Astrophysics, thus introducing the laboratory
techniques used in Physics to the field of Astronomy.
Similarly, the polarisation of the stellar light can be measured using a polarimeter which gives information on various Astrophysical processes taking place in the stellar object.
Building of such instruments involves the combined efforts of Mechanical Engineers, Electrical/Electronic Engineers, Optical Engineers etc. A Mechanical Engineer does the design of the structure for housing the
instrument, drive systems, if required etc. The design has to be done taking into consideration the tolerances of the Optical elements and the ultimate requirement of the Astronomer.
This is thus a field where one can use the techniques of Engineering to conduct experiments in the biggest laboratory ever viz. the
Universe itself! Top